[1]姚 博,杜 娟.北京城乡结合部地区6个月~3岁儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的现况调查及相关因素分析[J].医学信息,2018,(20):105-107.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.20.031]
 YAO Bo,DU Juan.Investigation on the Status of Nutritional Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children Aged 6 Months to 3 Years in Beijing Urban-rural Fringe and Analysis of Related Factors[J].Medical Information,2018,(20):105-107.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.20.031]
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北京城乡结合部地区6个月~3岁儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的现况调查及相关因素分析()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年20期
页码:
105-107
栏目:
调查分析
出版日期:
2018-10-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation on the Status of Nutritional Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children Aged 6 Months to 3 Years in Beijing Urban-rural Fringe and Analysis of Related Factors
文章编号:
1006-1959(2018)20-0105-03
作者:
姚 博杜 娟
首都医科大学全科医学与继续教育学院,北京 100069
Author(s):
YAO BoDU Juan
College of General Medicine and Continuing Education,Capital Medical University,Beijing 100069,China
关键词:
营养性缺铁性贫血婴幼儿喂养方式
Keywords:
Nutritional iron deficiency anemiaInfants and young childrenFeeding methods
分类号:
R725.5;R195.4
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.20.031
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 探究北京城乡结合部地区6月~3岁儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的情况,分析造成儿童贫血的影响因素,营养性缺铁性贫血的防治工作提供科学指导。方法 将2016年10月~2017年10月在天通西苑社区儿保门诊系统管理的6月~3岁儿童,共2053例作为研究对象,对其性别、年龄、血红蛋白值、贫血程度进行调查,分析不同年龄段、不同性别儿童的贫血情况。结果 2053例儿童中,存在贫血的儿童共266例(12.96%)。男孩1074例,贫血145例(13.51%),女孩979例,贫血121例(13.36%);6~12个月儿童701例,贫血191例(27.25%),13~24个月儿童650例,贫血43例(6.62%),25~36个月儿童702例,贫血32例(4.56%)。6月~3岁儿童中,贫血患病率比较高,年龄越小,患者贫血的几率越高。纯母乳喂养的儿童贫血患病率较低;辅食添加时间越晚,患病率越高;少食动物性食物的儿童患病率越高。结论 应当定期对婴幼儿进行体验,尽早发现营养性缺铁性贫血,并给予有效的干预和治疗,促进儿童的健康发展。儿童贫血与喂养行为具有密切的关系,应当形成正确的喂养方式。
Abstract:
Objective To explore the situation of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in children aged 6 months to 3 years in Beijing urban-rural fringe,analyze the influencing factors of anemia in children and provides scientific guidance for prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia in children.Methods From October 2016 to October 2017,a total of 2053 children aged 6 months to 3 years old managed by the Tiantong Xiyuan Community Child Care Outpatient System were investigated.Their gender,age,hemoglobin value and anemia degree were investigated.Analyze the anemia of children of different ages and genders.Results Of the 2053 children,266(12.96%)had anemia.There were 1074 boys,145 patients(13.51%)with anemia,979 girls,121 patients with anemia (13.36%),701 children with 6-12 months,191 patients with anemia(27.25%),and 650 children with 13-24 months.There were 43 cases of anemia (6.62%),702 cases of children from 25 to 36 months,and 32 cases of anemia(4.56%).Among children aged 6 to 3 years,the prevalence of anemia is relatively high,and the younger the age,the higher the chance of anemia.The prevalence of anemia in exclusively breastfed children is low; the later the supplement is added,the higher the prevalence; the higher the prevalence of children who eat less animal food.Conclusion The infants and children should be experienced regularly,and nutritional iron deficiency anemia should be detected as soon as possible,and effective intervention and treatment should be given to promote the healthy development of children.Anemia in children is closely related to feeding behavior,and correct feeding methods should be formed.

参考文献/References:

[1]王浩,贾莉英.营养性缺铁性贫血1246例儿童的流行病学调查与研究[J].中国儿童保健杂志,2017,25(5):525-527. [2]施军,潘然,冯博.社区婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血现状调查及对策[J].母婴世界,2017(13):156-157. [3]黄健英,何丽碧,黄旭珊,等.广州市番禺区早产儿在2岁内发生营养性缺铁性贫血的影响因素调查[J].广东医学,2016,37(21):3263-3265. [4]黄肯,蒙振刚,游金勇,等.婴幼儿营养性缺铁性贫血的相关因素分析[J].安徽医药,2015,19(1):132-133. [5]王洁,吉苏梅,李鸿斌.儿童保健门诊营养性缺铁性贫血影响因素分析[J].中国继续医学教育,2018(2):48-50.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-09