[1]韩 宇,朱丽丽,孙 婷,等.急性心肌梗死患者排便意愿的调查研究[J].医学信息,2018,(20):111-114.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.20.033]
 HAN Yu,ZHU Li-li,SUN Ting,et al.Investigation of Defecation Intention in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction[J].Medical Information,2018,(20):111-114.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.20.033]
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急性心肌梗死患者排便意愿的调查研究()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2018年20期
页码:
111-114
栏目:
调查分析
出版日期:
2018-10-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation of Defecation Intention in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction
文章编号:
1006-1959(2018)20-0111-04
作者:
韩 宇朱丽丽孙 婷刘周周赵冬云
中国医学科学院阜外医院冠心病重症监护室,北京 100037
Author(s):
HAN YuZHU Li-liSUN TingLIU Zhou-zhouZHAO Dong-yun
Intensive Care Unit of Coronary Heart Disease,Fuwai Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,Beijing 100037,China
关键词:
急性心肌梗死排便优质护理
Keywords:
Acute myocardial infarctionDefecationHigh quality nursing
分类号:
R542.2+2;R195
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.20.033
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解急性心肌梗死患者住院期间的排便意愿,以便更好为患者提供优质护理服务提供依据。方法 采用问卷调查法对符合纳入标准的200例急性心肌梗死患者进行住院期间排便意愿的调查,最终获得195例有效问卷,采用自制排便意愿调查表进行调查。结果 参与调查的195例急性心肌梗死患者中,192例(98.46%)患者习惯蹲位或坐位的排便方式;在病情允许的情况下,急性心肌梗死患者中更倾向于选择入厕排便187人次(83.85%),倾向于床旁入厕的共31人次(13.90%);且112例(57.44%)患者认为床上排便的方式对自身影响很大,更有34例患者宁可不排便;131例(67.18%)有拒绝床上排便的想法,急性心肌梗死114人次(59.69%)是患者拒绝床上排便的主要原因排便习惯的改变。结论 床上排便方式给急性心肌梗死患者带来诸多不愉快的住院体验,大多数急性心肌梗死患者对于床旁或入厕排便有极大的意愿请求。在充分评估患者病情,妥善监护的基础上,医护人员应尊重患者的排便意愿及需求。
Abstract:
Objective To understand the intention of defecation during hospitalization for patients with acute myocardial infarction in order to provide a basis for better quality care for patients.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the intention of defecation during hospitalization in 200 patients with acute myocardial infarction who met the inclusion criteria.Finally,195 valid questionnaires were obtained,and the self-made defecation willingness questionnaire was used for investigation.Results Of 195 patients with acute myocardial infarction,192(98.46%)were used to squatting or sitting.Among the patients with acute myocardial infarction,187(83.85%)patients tended to go to the toilet and 31(13.90%)patients tended to go to the toilet beside the bed,and 112 (57.44%)patients thought that the way of defecation in bed had a great effect on themselves,and 34 patients preferred not to defecate. 131 cases(67.18%)had the idea of refusing defecation in bed.114(59.69%)patients of acute myocardial infarction were the main reasons for the change of defecation habits.Conclusion Bed defecation has brought many unpleasant hospitalization experiences to patients with acute myocardial infarction.Most patients with acute myocardial infarction have great willingness to ask for bedside or toilet defecation.On the basis of fully assessing the patient's condition and proper supervision,the medical staff should respect the patient's willingness and needs for defecation.

参考文献/References:

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更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-09