[1]何万伦,张薰月,陈 力.外科手术治疗食管异物研究[J].医学信息,2019,(04):171-173.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.04.057]
 HE Wan-lun,ZHANG Xun-yue,CHEN Li.Surgical Treatment of Foreign Body in Esophagus[J].Medical Information,2019,(04):171-173.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.04.057]
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外科手术治疗食管异物研究()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
171-173
栏目:
经验交流
出版日期:
2019-02-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Surgical Treatment of Foreign Body in Esophagus
文章编号:
1006-1959(2019)04-0171-03
作者:
何万伦1张薰月2陈 力1
(1.重庆医科大学附属第一医院胸心外科,重庆 400000;2.重庆市中医院心电图室,重庆 400000)
Author(s):
HE Wan-lun1ZHANG Xun-yue2CHEN Li1
(1.Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery,the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University,Chongqing 400000,China;2.Electrocardiogram Room,Chongqing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital,Chongqing 400000,China)
关键词:
食管异物外科治疗并发症营养支持抗感染
Keywords:
Foreign body in esophagusSurgical treatmentComplicationsNutritional support Anti-infection
分类号:
R655.4
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.04.057
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
目的 探讨外科手术对食管异物的治疗效果及价值。方法 回顾性分析我科在2012年12月~2018年1月收治行外科手术治疗的21例食管异物患者的临床资料。结合术前临床症状、体征、影像学及内镜检查结果,准确定位异物位置,选择经颈或经胸行食管异物取出术,术后予以肠外及早期肠内营养支持、抗感染、抑酸治疗。结果 15例患者治愈出院,另6例转入当地医院继续营养支持、抑酸治疗后治愈,无一例死亡。术后出现并发症共8例(38.09%),颈部异物及胸段异物术后并发症分别为2例(9.52%)、6例(28.57%)。其中食管瘘2例(9.52%),1例经瘘口引流、营养支持、抗感染等保守治疗后治愈,1例行二次剖胸手术后治愈;术后声音嘶哑3例(14.29%),出院后随访1~2个月均恢复正常。随访7个月~5年,除1例因食管癌去世,余均无任何吞咽困难、进食哽噎感等症状,生活质量未受影响。结论 外科手术为食管异物主要治疗方式之一,应及时和稳妥地取出异物。结合术前定位,术中行一期缝合食管或仅通畅引流方法可行,但需重视患者术后并发症及术后营养支持。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect and value of surgery on foreign body in esophagus. Methods The clinical data of 21 patients with foreign body in esophagus who underwent surgical treatment from December 2012 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Combined with preoperative clinical symptoms, signs, imaging and endoscopic findings, accurately locate foreign bodies, choose transesophageal or transthoracic foreign body in esophagus removal, postoperative parenteral and early enteral nutrition support, anti-infection, acid suppression treatment. Results 15 patients were cured and discharged. The other 6 patients were transferred to local hospitals for further nutritional support and acid suppression treatment. No deaths occurred. There were 8 cases (38.09%) with postoperative complications. The postoperative complications of cervical foreign body and thoracic foreign body were 2 cases (9.52%) and 6 cases (28.57%). Among them, 2 cases (9.52%) of esophageal fistula, 1 case were cured after conservative treatment such as mouth drainage, nutritional support, anti-infection, 1 case was cured after second thoracotomy, and 3 cases (14.29%) were postoperative hoarseness. All patients were followed up for 1 to 2 months after discharge and returned to normal. During the follow-up of 7 months to 5 years, except for one case of death due to esophageal cancer, the rest did not have any symptoms such as dysphagia, eating sensation, and the quality of life was not affected. Conclusion Surgical surgery is one of the main treatment methods for foreign body in esophagus. Foreign bodies should be removed in a timely and safe manner. In combination with preoperative positioning, intraoperative suture of the esophagus or only patency drainage is feasible, but attention should be paid to postoperative complications and postoperative nutritional support.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-07