[1]魏佳俐,冯 玉,管历颖.四川广元农村老年2型糖尿病患者自我管理水平现状调查[J].医学信息,2019,(05):126-129.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.05.040]
 WEI Jia-wei,FENG Yu,GUAN Li-ying.Investigation on Self-management Level of Elderly Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Guangyuan Rural Area of Sichuan[J].Medical Information,2019,(05):126-129.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.05.040]
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四川广元农村老年2型糖尿病患者自我管理水平现状调查()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
126-129
栏目:
调查分析
出版日期:
2019-03-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation on Self-management Level of Elderly Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Guangyuan Rural Area of Sichuan
文章编号:
1006-1959(2019)05-0126-04
作者:
魏佳俐冯 玉管历颖
(成都医学院护理学院,四川 成都 610083)
Author(s):
WEI Jia-weiFENG YuGUAN Li-ying
(School of Nursing,Chengdu Medical College,Chengdu 610083,Sichuan,China)
关键词:
2型糖尿病患者自我管理留守老人健康教育
Keywords:
Type 2 diabetes patientsSelf-managementLeft-behind elderly
分类号:
R473.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.05.040
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 调查四川广元农村留守老年2型糖尿病患者自我管理水平现状。方法 采用整群随机抽样方法,抽取广元市农村留守老年2型糖尿病患者共240例作为调查对象,采用一般资料调查表、自我管理效能量表、自我管理行为量表进行调查研究。结果 自我管理效能排前三的为“自行检查我的脚”(85.83%)、“有能力做足够的身体活动”(82.50%)、“医师建议我多做一些身体活动我有能力确实做到”(76.25%);后三位为“需要时,有能力自行检测血糖”(41.67%)、“特殊节日时,我仍然能遵守健康饮食计划”(54.17%)、“当面对压力或焦虑时,仍然能维持我的饮食计划”(55.83%);自我管理行为中,排在前两位的为“检查鞋子内部有无异物、平整、舒适情况的天数”“进行持续时间>30分钟的运动情况”;后两位为“7天内进行了血糖监测的天数”“7天内完成适合自身状况的血糖监测次数的天数”。结论 在广元农村地区,老年2型糖尿病患者自我效能和自我管理水平均较低,具体项目中以自我血糖监测最差。对农村老年2型糖尿病患者进行相关的健康教育干预势在必行,以提高患者的自我管理水平。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the current status of self-management in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural Guangyuan, Sichuan.Methods A total of 240 elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural residents in Guangyuan City were enrolled in this study. The general data questionnaire, self-administered energy meter and self-management behavior scale were used for investigation.Results The top three self-management performances were "self-examination of my feet" (85.83%) and "capable of doing enough physical activity"(82.50%)."Physicians suggested that I do more physical activities. I have the ability to do it. "(76.25%); the last three are "the ability to self-test blood sugar when needed" (41.67%),"I can still follow a healthy diet plan during special holidays" (54.17%), "When faced with stress or anxiety At the time, I can still maintain my diet plan(55.83%); in the self-management behavior,the top two are "the number of days to check whether there is foreign matter, smoothness and comfort inside the shoes""Performance duration> 30 minutes The "motion situation"; the last two are"the number of days of blood glucose monitoring within 7 days","the number of days to complete the blood glucose monitoring times for their own conditions within 7 days." Conclusion In the rural areas of Guangyuan, the self-efficacy and self-management levels of elderly type 2 diabetes patients are lower, and the self-glycemic monitoring is the worst in specific projects. It is imperative to carry out relevant health education interventions for rural elderly patients with type 2 diabetes to improve their self-management.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-01