[1]陈倩如.某院住院新生儿病种构成特点分析[J].医学信息,2019,(05):139-141.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.05.044]
 CHEN Qian-ru.Analysis of the Characteristics of Neonatal Diseases in a Hospital[J].Medical Information,2019,(05):139-141.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.05.044]
点击复制

某院住院新生儿病种构成特点分析()
分享到:

医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年05期
页码:
139-141
栏目:
调查分析
出版日期:
2019-03-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of the Characteristics of Neonatal Diseases in a Hospital
文章编号:
1006-1959(2019)05-0139-03
作者:
陈倩如
(南方医科大学顺德医院/佛山市顺德区第一人民医院病案统计室,广东 佛山 528308)
Author(s):
CHEN Qian-ru
(Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University/Department of Medical Records,the First People’s Hospital of Shunde District,Foshan 528308,Guangdong,China)
关键词:
住院新生儿病种
Keywords:
HospitalizationNewbornDisease
分类号:
R722.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.05.044
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 通过对某院2013~2017年收治的新生儿住院病例进行调查,了解其病种构成和分布特点,为今后临床防治工作提供依据。方法 回顾性调查某院2013~2017年收治的10486例新生儿住院病例,分析性别、日龄、病种构成及其顺位情况。结果 2013~2017年某院收治的住院新生儿呈逐年上升趋势,但病死率仅为0.48%。前10位病种分别为新生儿肺炎、新生儿黄疸、早产儿、新生儿窒息、新生儿出血症、足月小样低体重儿、新生儿细菌性脓毒症、新生儿消化系统疾患、妊娠糖尿病母亲婴儿综合征、新生儿呼吸窘迫,占收治患儿总数的95.66%。收治的住院新生儿中,男婴有6120例,女婴4336例,性别比为1.40:1,男婴高于女婴,男女前10位病种构成相一致。早期新生儿占总住院新生儿病例的86.81%,早、晚期新生儿的前10位病种构成和顺位有差异,晚期新生儿以感染性疾病为主。结论 该院住院新生儿病种较为集中,新生儿肺炎、新生儿黄疸、早产儿和新生儿窒息为最常见病种,在加强围产期、新生儿保健知识宣教的同时,应对这些病种的诊疗技术进一步深入研究,提高医院的救治能力。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the composition and distribution characteristics of neonates in a hospital from 2013 to 2017, and to provide evidence for future clinical prevention and treatment.Methods A retrospective survey of 10486 neonatal inpatients admitted to a hospital from 2013 to 2017 was conducted to analyze gender, age, disease composition and order. Results The number of hospitalized neonates admitted to a hospital in 2013~2017 was increasing year by year, but the mortality rate was only 0.48%. The top 10 diseases are neonatal pneumonia, neonatal jaundice, premature infants, neonatal asphyxia, neonatal hemorrhagic disease, full-term low-weight infants, neonatal bacterial sepsis, neonatal digestive disorders, gestational diabetes mother’s infant syndrome, neonatal respiratory distress, accounted for 95.66% of the total number of children admitted. Among the hospitalized neonates admitted, there were 6120 male infants and 4336 female infants with a sex ratio of 1.40:1. The male infants were higher than the female infants, and the top 10 male and female diseases were consistent. Early neonates accounted for 86.81% of total hospitalized neonates, and the composition and ranking of the top 10 diseases in early and late neonates were different. Late neonates were mainly infectious diseases.Conclusion The hospitalized neonatal diseases are concentrated in the hospital. Neonatal pneumonia, neonatal jaundice, premature infants and neonatal asphyxia are the most common diseases. In the process of strengthening perinatal and neonatal health knowledge, these diseases should be dealt with. The medical treatment technology will be further studied to improve the hospital’s ability to treat.

参考文献/References:


[1]曹芳芹,刘黎明.国内外住院新生儿疾病病种构成分析[J].中国妇幼健康研究,2015,26(3):644-647.
[2]刘冲,云惠聪.1127 例住院新生儿疾病谱分析[J].中国病案,2016,17(9):84-87.
[3]梁冬秋,潘亮.2013-2016 年某医院新生儿科住院患儿疾病构成及趋势分析[J].中国卫生统计,2018,25(2):156-158.
[4]拥李将,杨雪娇,朱大桥,等.某儿童医院新生儿疾病构成与死亡分析[J].中国病案,2018,19(8):55-57.
[5]许蓉,韦懿芸.住院新生儿疾病谱分析[J].影像研究与医学应用,2018,2(9):220-223.
[6]周玲玲,姬晓波,唐红,等.某医院 2012-2016 年新生儿住院病例疾病谱分析[J].解放军预防医学杂志,2018,36(1):50-51.

相似文献/References:

[1]郭玲利,吕 新,郭建新.新疆某院2016年住院疾病分类统计分析[J].医学信息,2018,(02):116.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.02.042]
 GUO Ling-li,LV Xin,GUO Jian-xin.Statistical Analysis of Hospitalized Diseases in a Hospital in Xinjiang in 2016[J].Medical Information,2018,(05):116.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.02.042]
[2]包克珍,许云丽.新生儿社区获得性肺炎的临床特征分析[J].医学信息,2018,(02):184.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.02.072]
 BAO Ke-zhen,XU Yun-li.Clinical Characteristics of Neonatal Community Acquired Pneumonia[J].Medical Information,2018,(05):184.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.02.072]
[3]王 静,姜 娟,肖 婷,等.单胎足月新生儿神经行为NBNA评分相关影响因素研究[J].医学信息,2018,(06):74.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.06.023]
 WANG Jing,JIANG Juan,XIAO Ting,et al.Study on the Related Factors of Neurobehavioral NBNA Score in Single Term Neonates[J].Medical Information,2018,(05):74.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.06.023]
[4]赵凤艳.蓝光照射联合白蛋白静脉滴注对新生儿黄疸的疗效观察[J].医学信息,2018,(09):117.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.09.035]
 ZHAO Feng-yan.Efficacy of Blue Light Irradiation Combined with Intravenous Drip of Albumin on Neonatal Jaundice[J].Medical Information,2018,(05):117.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.09.035]
[5]王 晖.新生儿出生体温管理与新生儿低血糖症临床相关性[J].医学信息,2018,(15):86.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.15.026]
 WANG Hui.Clinical Correlation Between Neonatal Temperature Management and Neonatal Hypoglycemia[J].Medical Information,2018,(05):86.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.15.026]
[6]孙继飞,张 岚.肺表面活性物质治疗足月新生儿急性呼吸窘迫综合征疗效观察[J].医学信息,2019,(02):121.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.02.034]
 SUN Ji-fei,ZHANG Lan.Therapeutic Effect of Pulmonary Surfactant on Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Full-term Neonates[J].Medical Information,2019,(05):121.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.02.034]

更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-01