[1]肖 勇,欧富华,况 杰.2013~2017年南昌市学生肺结核流行特征及防制措施[J].医学信息,2019,(20):116-118.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.035]
 XIAO Yong,OU Fu-hua,KUANG Jie.Epidemiological Characteristics and Control Measures of Tuberculosis among Students in Nanchang City from 2013 to 2017[J].Medical Information,2019,(20):116-118.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.035]
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2013~2017年南昌市学生肺结核流行特征及防制措施()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年20期
页码:
116-118
栏目:
调查分析
出版日期:
2019-10-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological Characteristics and Control Measures of Tuberculosis among Students in Nanchang City from 2013 to 2017
文章编号:
1006-1959(2019)20-0116-03
作者:
肖 勇1欧富华2况 杰2
(1.南昌市青云谱区疾病预防控制中心,江西 南昌 330001;2.南昌大学公共卫生学院/江西省预防医学重点实验室,江西 南昌 330006)
Author(s):
XIAO Yong1OU Fu-hua2KUANG Jie2
(1.Qingyunpu District Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Nanchang 330024,Jiangxi,China;2.School of Public Health,Nanchang University/Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Preventive Medicine, Nanchang 330006,Jiangxi,China)
关键词:
肺结核学生流行病学防制措施
Keywords:
TuberculosisStudentsEpidemiologyPrevention measures
分类号:
R521;R181.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.035
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析南昌市学生结核病流行特征,为制定南昌市学校结核病防控策略提供科学依据。方法 采用描述性流行病学方法,对南昌市2013~2017年《结核病管理信息系统》登记报告的学生结核病患者的发病数据进行分析。结果 南昌市2013~2017年累计报告学生肺结核1093例,年均报告发病率为15.58/10 万,各年学生肺结核报告发病率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);2013~2017年南昌市学生肺结核登记发病率从17.47/10万上升至17.54/10万。男生发病数是女生的2.26倍,15~20岁病例数最多(50.32%),每年以第二季度为结核病发病高峰期(28.82%)。患者以因症就诊、推荐方式为主(71.27%),绝大多数是初治肺结核(99.63%)。学生涂阳肺结核患者治愈率为94.62%,涂阴肺结核患者治愈率为97.57%。结论 近5年来南昌市学生结核病疫情呈上升趋势,建议进一步重视学生健康,优化校园生态环境,健全学校结核病综合防制网络。
Abstract:
Objective To Analyze the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis among students in Nanchang City, and provide a scientific basis for formulating strategies for prevention and control of tuberculosis in schools in Nanchang. Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the incidence data of tuberculosis patients in Nanchang City's 2013-2017 Tuberculosis Management Information System. Results In 2013-2017, Nanchang City reported a total of 1093 cases of tuberculosis, with an average annual incidence rate of 15.58/100,000. The incidence of tuberculosis reported by students in each year was statistically significant (P<0.05); Nanchang from 2013 to 2017 The incidence of tuberculosis registration in urban students increased from 17.47/100,000 to 17.54/100,000. The number of male students was 2.26 times that of girls, and the number of cases was 15 to 20 years old (50.32%). The second quarter was the peak period of tuberculosis (28.82%). The patients were mainly diagnosed and recommended (71.27%), and most of them were newly diagnosed tuberculosis (99.63%). The cure rate of students with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis was 94.62%, and the cure rate of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis patients was 97.57%. Conclusion In the past five years, the tuberculosis epidemic situation of students in Nanchang City is on the rise. It is recommended to pay more attention to the health of students, optimize the campus ecological environment, and improve the comprehensive prevention and control network of tuberculosis in schools.

参考文献/References:

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-15