[1]高 枫,陈 薇,阿不都热依木·阿不都克力木,等.2013~2018年乌鲁木齐市猩红热流行病学特征分析[J].医学信息,2019,(20):119-120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.036]
 GAO Feng,CHEN Wei,Abudurehim·Abdukerim,et al.Epidemiological Characteristics of Scarlet Fever in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018[J].Medical Information,2019,(20):119-120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.036]
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2013~2018年乌鲁木齐市猩红热流行病学特征分析()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2019年20期
页码:
119-120
栏目:
调查分析
出版日期:
2019-10-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological Characteristics of Scarlet Fever in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018
文章编号:
1006-1959(2019)20-0119-02
作者:
高 枫陈 薇阿不都热依木·阿不都克力木张凯伦
(乌鲁木齐市疾病预防控制中心传染病防制科,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830026)
Author(s):
GAO FengCHEN WeiAbudurehim·AbdukerimZHANG Kai-lun
(Department of Infectious Disease Control,Urumqi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Urumqi 830026,Xinjiang,China)
关键词:
猩红热流行病学疫情防控
Keywords:
Scarlet feverEpidemiologyEpidemic prevention and control
分类号:
R515.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.036
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析2013~2018年乌鲁木齐市猩红热疫情流行病学特征和规律,为制定防控措施提供科学依据。方法 采用描述性流行病学方法对乌鲁木齐市2013~2018年报告的猩红热病例进行分析。结果 2013~2018年乌鲁木齐市共报告猩红热病例6471例,发病率为30.74/10万。发病率排前三位的是天山区(37.26/10万)、经济开发区(34.11/10万)和沙区(32.48/10万)。发病高峰主要集中在5~6月份和11~12月份,发病年龄以3~8岁为主,发病人群主要以托幼机构儿童和小学生为主。结论 2013~2018年乌鲁木齐市猩红热发病率呈周期性波动,其中5~6月份和11~12月份为发病高峰期,主要集中在中心城区,以3~8岁年龄段的托幼机构儿童和小学生为主。因此需加强学校和托幼机构疫情的监测和防控,防止疫情暴发流行。
Abstract:
Objective The epidemiological characteristics and laws of scarlet fever in Urumqi City from 2013 to 2018 were analyzed to provide a scientific basis for the development of prevention and control measures.Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the cases of scarlet fever reported in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018.Results A total of 647,1 cases of scarlet fever were reported in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018, with an incidence rate of 30.74/100,000. The top three incidence rates are Tianshan District (37.26/100,000), Economic Development Zone (34.11/100,000) and Sandy Area (32.48/100,000). The peak incidence was mainly from May to June and from November to December. The age of onset was mainly from 3 to 8 years old. The main population was mainly children and primary school students.Conclusion The incidence of scarlet fever in Urumqi is cyclical from 2013 to 2018. The peak incidence period is from May to June and from November to December, mainly concentrated in the central urban area. Children and primary school students in the kindergartens of 3~8 years old Mainly. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the monitoring and prevention of epidemics in schools and child care institutions to prevent outbreaks.

参考文献/References:

[1]廖如珺.猩红热流行病学研究概况及应用的统计分析方法[J].职业卫生与病伤,2017,32(2):98-103. [2]张琳.系统化健康教育对提高猩红热患儿家长疾病相关知识知晓率的影响[J].全科医学临床和教育,2016,14(5):597-598. [3]马涛,洪镭,林丹,等.2006-2015年南京市猩红热流行病学特征分析[J].中华卫生应急电子杂志,2016,2(4):223-229.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-15