[1]张九进,赖昌生.中药向量空间理论在艾滋病方剂中的应用[J].医学信息,2020,(11):76-81.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2020.11.023]
 ZHANG Jiu-jin,LAI Chang-sheng.Application of Chinese Medicine Vector Space Theory in AIDS Recipe[J].Medical Information,2020,(11):76-81.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2020.11.023]
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中药向量空间理论在艾滋病方剂中的应用()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期数:
2020年11期
页码:
76-81
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2020-06-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Application of Chinese Medicine Vector Space Theory in AIDS Recipe
文章编号:
1006-1959(2020)11-0076-06
作者:
张九进赖昌生
(玉林市红十字会医院,广西 玉林 537000)
Author(s):
ZHANG Jiu-jinLAI Chang-sheng
(Red Cross Hospital of Yulin City,Yulin 537000,Guangxi,China)
关键词:
中药向量空间艾滋病方剂中药
Keywords:
Chinese medicine vector spaceAIDSPrescriptionChinese medicine
分类号:
R285.5
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2020.11.023
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 运用中药向量空间理论探讨艾滋病方剂中的病症名称、证型及用药的性味归经、功效的规律和特点,为中医药治疗艾滋病提供理论依据。方法 收集1992年1月~2018年12月中国知网中(CNKI)收录的有关中医或中西医结合治疗艾滋病的文献,采用中药向量空间理论,统计文献中使用的方剂及其对应的病症名称、证型及功效归类的分布情况,分析方剂中所使用药物的性、味、归经以及方剂中单药剂量的平均值、最大值、最小值和标准差等指标。结果 共统计方剂62首,排名前10位的方剂分别是御寒汤、甘露消毒丹、参苓白术散、人参养荣汤和右归丸、甘草泻心汤、真人养脏汤合补中益气汤、资生丸、艾可清复方、黄芪鳖甲散、千金苇茎汤。常见的艾滋病病症名有咳嗽、泄泻、股骨头坏死、合并肺结核、腹泻、感冒、消瘦及消化不良、瘙痒性丘疹性皮疹、艾滋病免疫失调、合并肺孢子虫肺炎等。排名前10位的证型分别是正虚邪实、邪盛正衰,脾肾虚弱、湿热内蕴,瘀血阻络兼有风湿,正虚瘀结,五脏气血阴阳俱虚,气虚湿热,脾肾阳虚,外感风寒,风寒袭肺,久泄滑脱。用于治疗艾滋病的中药共计184味,出现频次最多的为补气药,其次为发散风寒药、补血药等;药性以温性为最,其次为寒性;药味以甘味为最,其次为苦、辛味;归经以肺经最多,脾经次之,胃经居第3位。常见艾滋病方剂的单药剂量的平均值、最大值、最小值和标准差以及常见艾滋病方剂的味数分布区别较大。结论 艾滋病患者中医证型以气虚最为多见,病位在脾,以脾肺肝功能失调为本,元气亏虚为其关键致病因素的病因病机。中医药治疗艾滋病临证用药使用剂量多样且灵活,方剂味数灵活多变,在临床上应加以掌据和灵活运用。
Abstract:
Objective To use the vector space theory of traditional Chinese medicine to explore the names and syndrome types of AIDS prescriptions, as well as the laws and characteristics of sexual taste and meridian and efficacy of medication, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the treatment of AIDS by traditional Chinese medicine.Methods Collected from January 1992 to December 2018 in China Knowledge Network (CNKI) literature on the treatment of AIDS with traditional Chinese medicine or integrated Chinese and Western medicine, using the vector space theory of traditional Chinese medicine, statistical prescriptions used in the literature and their corresponding disease names, syndrome type and distribution of efficacy classification, analysis of the properties of the drugs used in the prescription, taste, normalization and the average, maximum, minimum and standard deviation of the single drug dose in the prescription.Results A total of 62 prescriptions were counted, and the top 10 prescriptions were Yuhan Decoction, Ganlu Disinfectant Pill, Shenling Baizhu Powder, Ginseng Yangrong Decoction and Yougui Pill, Gancao Xiexin Decoction, Zhenren Yangzhang Decoction and Buzhong Zhongqi Decoction , Shise Wan, Aikeqing Compound, Astragalus Turtle Powder, Qianjin Reed Stem Soup. Common names for AIDS include cough, diarrhea, femoral head necrosis, tuberculosis, diarrhea, cold, weight loss and indigestion, pruritus papular rash, AIDS immune disorders, and pneumocystis pneumonia. The top 10 syndrome types are Zhengxuxieshi, Xieshengxianxie, spleen and kidney weakness, dampness and heat content, blood stasis and obstruction combined with rheumatism, Zhengxu stasis, five organs Qi and blood Yin and Yang deficiency, Qi deficiency damp heat Kidney Yang deficiency, exogenous wind and cold, wind and cold attack the lungs, prolonged discharge. A total of 184 traditional Chinese medicines for the treatment of AIDS, the most frequent ones are qi-invigorating medicines, followed by divergent wind-chilling medicines, blood-enriching medicines, etc .; the medicinal properties are mostly warm, followed by coldness; , spicy; the most common meridian is the lung meridian, followed by the spleen meridian, and the meridian meridian ranks third. The average value, maximum value, minimum value and standard deviation of the single dose of common AIDS prescriptions and the distribution of taste numbers of common AIDS prescriptions are quite different.Conclusion Deficiency of Qi is the most common type of TCM syndrome in AIDS patients. The disease is located in the spleen. The dysfunction of the spleen, lung and liver is the main factor. The dosage of clinical medicine for the treatment of AIDS in traditional Chinese medicine is diverse and flexible, and the flavor of the prescription is flexible and changeable. It should be clinically used and flexibly used.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01