[1]王宇鹏,杜学明.上腔静脉压迫综合征的放化疗治疗[J].医学信息,2022,35(21):163-166.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2022.21.044]
 WANG Yu-peng,DU Xue-ming.Chemoradiotherapy for Superior Vena Cava Compression Syndrome[J].Journal of Medical Information,2022,35(21):163-166.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2022.21.044]
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上腔静脉压迫综合征的放化疗治疗()
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医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
35卷
期数:
2022年21期
页码:
163-166
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2022-11-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Chemoradiotherapy for Superior Vena Cava Compression Syndrome
文章编号:
1006-1959(2022)21-0163-04
作者:
王宇鹏杜学明
(天津市北辰医院肿瘤科,天津 300400)
Author(s):
WANG Yu-pengDU Xue-ming
(Department of Oncology,Beichen Hospital,Tianjin 300400,China)
关键词:
上腔静脉压迫综合征肿瘤放化疗
Keywords:
Superior vena cava syndromeTumorChemoradiotherapy
分类号:
R730.53
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2022.21.044
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
上腔静脉综合征是肿瘤常见的并发症,是由流经上腔静脉的血流受阻而导致的一组综合征。临床患者伴有呼吸困难、面颈部水肿、躯干上肢水肿,部分患者还伴有胸痛、咳嗽、吞咽困难等症状,严重影响患者的生活质量和健康安全。上腔静脉压迫综合征属于肿瘤急症或亚急症范畴,其发生与上腔静脉受胸内肿瘤压迫相关。有研究显示大部分诱病肿瘤均属于放疗、化疗敏感的肿瘤,而放疗、化疗具有局部控制效果好、耐受性好、周边健康组织损伤小、无创伤等优点,是目前临床治疗上腔静脉压迫综合征的首选治疗方法。本文就上腔静脉压迫综合征病因、临床症状、放化疗治疗进展作一综述,以期为临床采用放化疗治疗上腔静脉压迫综合征提供一定参考依据。
Abstract:
Superior vena cava syndrome is a common complication of tumors. It is a group of syndromes caused by obstruction of blood flow through the superior vena cava. Patients are accompanied by dyspnea, facial and neck edema, trunk and upper limb edema, and some patients are accompanied by chest pain, cough, dysphagia and other symptoms, which seriously affect the quality of life and health and safety of patients. Superior vena cava compression syndrome belongs to the category of tumor emergency or subacute, and its occurrence is related to superior vena cava compression by intrathoracic tumor. Studies have shown that most of the induced tumors are sensitive to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy have the advantages of good local control effect, good tolerance, small damage to surrounding healthy tissues, and non-invasiveness. It is the preferred treatment for superior vena cava compression syndrome. This article reviews the etiology, clinical symptoms, radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment progress of superior vena cava compression syndrome, in order to provide a reference for the clinical use of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of superior vena cava compression syndrome.

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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01