[1]杨娇娇,郭松松.渝水区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况抽样调查分析[J].医学信息,2024,37(13):52-55.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2024.13.010]
 Sampling Survey Analysis of Enterobius Vermicularis Infection in Kindergarten Children in Yushui District.Sampling Survey Analysis of Enterobius Vermicularis Infection in Kindergarten Children in Yushui District[J].Journal of Medical Information,2024,37(13):52-55.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2024.13.010]
点击复制

渝水区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况抽样调查分析()
分享到:

医学信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
37卷
期数:
2024年13期
页码:
52-55
栏目:
公共卫生信息学
出版日期:
2024-07-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Sampling Survey Analysis of Enterobius Vermicularis Infection in Kindergarten Children in Yushui District
文章编号:
1006-1959(2024)13-0052-04
作者:
杨娇娇郭松松
(渝水区疾病预防控制中心检验科,江西 新余 338025)
Author(s):
Sampling Survey Analysis of Enterobius Vermicularis Infection in Kindergarten Children in Yushui District
(Laboratory Department of Yushui District Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Xinyu 338025,Jiangxi,China)
关键词:
渝水区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染
Keywords:
Yushui DistrictKindergartensChildrenEnterobius vermicularis infection
分类号:
R725.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2024.13.010
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析渝水区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况。方法 于2020年1月-2022年12月对渝水区部分幼儿园1128例儿童蛲虫感染情况进行抽样调查,将渝水区的幼儿园分为农村和城镇两层,综合幼儿园儿童数量、地域分布等因素情况,采取分层整群抽样方法对幼儿园儿童采用透明胶纸肛拭法检查儿童蛲虫感染情况,并分析渝水区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染率。结果 2020-2022年共筛查1128例儿童,2022年蛲虫感染率低于2020年、2021年(P<0.05);男性儿童蛲虫感染率为11.24%,高于女性的9.18%(P<0.05);不同年龄幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),且4岁组感染率最高为11.26%,5岁次之,感染率为8.33%;不同幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),其中罗坊镇新蕾幼儿园感染发生率最高,其次依次为罗坊镇中心幼儿园、良山镇垣下幼儿园;不同地区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),其中农村发生率最高,为17.21%。结论 渝水区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染具有一定的特点,多发生于渝水区农村及罗坊镇新蕾幼儿园,且以4岁男性儿童为主。疾病预防控制中心应加强农村地区、重点人群(4岁儿童)的蛲虫健康教育和监测,以防止儿童蛲虫的相互感染和自身重复感染。
Abstract:
Objective To analyze the situation of enterobius vermicularis infection in kindergarten children in Yushui District.Methods From January 2020 to December 2022, a sample survey was conducted on the infection of enterobius vermicularis in 1128 children in some kindergartens in Yushui District. The kindergartens in Yushui District were divided into rural and urban areas. Considering the number and geographical distribution of children in kindergartens, a stratified cluster sampling method was used to examine the infection of enterobius vermicularis in kindergarten children by using cellophane anal swab method, and the infection rate of enterobius vermicularis in kindergarten children in Yushui District was analyzed.Results A total of 1128 children were screened from 2020 to 2022. The infection rate of enterobius vermicularis in 2022 was lower than that in 2020 and 2021 (P<0.05). The infection rate of enterobius vermicularis in male children was 11.24%, which was higher than 9.18% in female children (P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of enterobius vermicularis infection among kindergarten children with different ages (P<0.05), and the highest infection rate was 11.26% in the 4-year-old group, followed by 8.33% in the 5-year-old group. There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of enterobius vermicularis infection among children in different kindergartens (P<0.05). Among them, the incidence of infection in Xinlei Kindergarten in Luofang Town was the highest, followed by the Luofang Town Central Kindergarten and Liangshan Town Yuanxia Kindergarten. There was a statistically significant difference in the infection rate of enterobius vermicularis among kindergarten children in different regions (P<0.05), with the highest incidence in rural areas (17.21%).Conclusion Enterobius vermicularis infection in kindergarten children in Yushui District has certain characteristics. It mostly occurs in rural areas of Yushui District and Luofang Town Xinlei Kindergarten, and is mainly 4-year-old male children. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention should strengthen the health education and monitoring of enterobius vermicularis in rural areas and key populations (4-year-old children) to prevent mutual infection and repeated infection of enterobius vermicularis in children.

参考文献/References:

[1]兰炜明,刘红云,高祖禄,等.2014 年江西省儿童蛲虫感染情况调查分析[J].中国血吸虫病防治杂志,2018,30(4):449-451.[2]Wendt S,Trawinski H,Schubert S,et al.The Diagnosis and Treatment of Pinworm Infection[J].Dtsch Arztebl Int,2019,116(13):213-219.[3]王小莉,周琦,石傲,等.安徽省涡阳县幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染现状调查[J].中国寄生虫学与寄生虫病杂志,2018,36(2):139-143.[4]国家卫生计生委,中央统战部,国家发展改革委,等.关于印发全国包虫病等重点寄生虫病防治规划(2016-2020年)的通知[EB/OL].(2017-02-08)[2023-08-01].http://www.nhc.gov.cn/jkj/s5873/201702/dda5ffe3f50941a29fb0aba6233bb497.shtml.[5]张雅兰,李江敏,邓艳,等.河南省重点寄生虫病防治规划实施效果评价[J].河南预防医学杂志,2020,31(11):814-818.[6]周晓农.2015 年全国人体重点寄生虫病现状调查报告[M].北京:人民卫生出版社,2018:64-73.[7]吴娉婷,潘晓翔,吴军,等.2018-2020年合肥市学龄前儿童蛲虫病监测结果分析[J].寄生虫与医学昆虫学报,2021,19(4):192-194.[8]郑月燕,张志魁.芗城区2014-2018年儿童蛲虫感染调查[J]. 海峡预防医学杂志,2020,26(3):60-61.[9]宋传清,焦雪成,黄守海,等.2017—2019年濮阳市幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况调查[J].热带病与寄生虫学,2021,19(3):164-166,169.[10]王良兵,王玲,齐莉莉,等.2019年石家庄市幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况调查分析[J].医学动物防制,2021,37(9):902-905.[11]Altun E,Avci V,Azatcam M.Parasitic infestation in appendicitis.A retrospective analysis of 660 patients and brief literature review[J].Saudi Med J,2017,38(3):314-318.[12]孙淼,迟静,屈薇娜,等.滁州地区幼儿园和一年级儿童蛲虫感染调查[J].齐齐哈尔医学院学报,2018,39(18):2178-2180.[13]许汴利,张红卫,邓艳,等.河南省人体重点寄生虫病分层抽样调查结果及影响因素分析[J].中华流行病学杂志,2018,39(3):322-328.[14]江良珍.2016-2019年江西省萍乡市某县儿童蛲虫感染情况调查[J].上海医药,2021,42(6):60-62.[15]朱文,刘宝,迟静,等.滁州市全椒县学龄前后儿童蛲虫感染情况分析[J].包头医学院学报,2020,36(4):68-69.[16]罗卫强,张雪亮,周志珊,等.清远市清新区农村留守儿童蛲虫感染状况调查[J].华南预防医学,2018,44(6):563-564,568. [17]罗玲,黄惠,黄春燕,等.广西宾阳县宾州镇新宾片区农村儿童及留守儿童蛲虫感染状况[J].公共卫生与预防医学,2016,27(6):97-99.[18]俞栋,叶环,傅丽丹,等.孤儿院儿童蛲虫感染现状调查[J].浙江预防医学,2015(8):840-841.[19]裴贺辉,柳玲,史春蕾,等.海口市龙华区私立幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况调查分析[J].海南医学,2015,26(24):3727-3729.[20]莫江萍,潘伟.广西柳州地区学龄前儿童蛲虫感染的流行病学调查研究[J].中国妇幼保健,2014,29(36):6101-6103.

相似文献/References:

[1]聂 燕,尹明敏.上海市长宁区托儿所、幼儿园工作人员体检情况分析[J].医学信息,2020,33(11):129.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2020.11.040]
 NIE Yan,YIN Ming-min.Analysis of Physical Examination of Nnurses and Kindergartens in Changning District,Shanghai[J].Journal of Medical Information,2020,33(13):129.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2020.11.040]

更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01